World Environment Day

Abstract

Let the peace of the nature flow in your life… On World Environment Day and Always

World environment day , officially knows as UN world environment day and also called “eco day” , “environment day” , “WED”. United nations principle vehicle for encoraging awareness and action for the protection of our environment. First time held in 1974 june 5, it has been flagship campaign for raising awareness on emerging from environmental issues to marine pollution, human population and global warming to sustainable consumption and wild life crime. World Environment Day has developed to turn into a global platform for universal outreach, with assistance from over 143 countries every year. Annually , WED has arrange a new theme that dominant assosiation, NGOs, communities, governments and all celebrities worldwide retify to support environmental causes.

History

World Environmet Day was established in 1972 by the United Nations, On the first day of Stockholm conference on the human environment appear from debate on the assimilation of human communication and environment. Next couple of years, in 1974 first held with theme of “Only One Earth”. Even through WED celebration acquire continue held every years since 1974. In 1987 idea for revolve the center of these movement through selecting countries initiate.

Annual Themes and major initiatives and accomplishments

As long as approximately 10 decades WED acquire continue raising awareness , supporting action, and driving changes for the environments. here are some basic ability :

Themes of WED and their Host city

Earth Anthem

An Earth Anthem confined by poet Abhay kumar is sung to celebrate World Environment Day

“Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl
the most beautiful planet in the universe
all the continents and all the oceans
united we stand as flora and fauna
united we stand as species of one earth
different cultures, beliefs and ways
we are humans, the earth is our home
all the people and the nations of the world
all for one and one for all
united we unfurl the blue marble flag.”

The earth anthem is written mainly in English, with parts in Arabic, Chinese, French, Hindi, Nepali, Russian and Spanish. While Darjeeling-based Indian musician Sapan Ghimire composed the music, it was sung by Nepali singer Shreya Sotang.

Environmental issues

Marine pollution: It is a combination of chemicals and trash, most of which comes from land sources and is washed or blown into the ocean. This pollution results in damage to the environment, to the health of all organisms, and to economic structures worldwide. According to a 2018 report from the United Nations, more than sixty countries have enacted regulations to limit or ban the use of disposable plastic items.

https://www.condorferries.co.uk/marine-ocean-pollution-statistics-facts
Pollutants are dumped into the ocean. This waste affects the daily life of fish and other marine creatures. (stockphoto-graf/shutterstock)

Shocking marine pollution statics

100 million marine animals die each year from plastic waste alone.

100,000 marine animals die from getting entangled in plastic yearly — this is just the creatures we find!

1 in 3 marine mammal species get found entangled in litter, 12–14,000 tons of plastic are ingested by North Pacific fish yearly.

In the past 10 years, we’ve made more plastic than the last century. By 2050, the pollution of fish will be outnumbered by our dumped plastic.

The largest trash site on the planet is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, twice the surface area of Texas, it outnumbers sea life there 6 to 1.

China is ranked #1 for mismanaged waste and plastics. However, the US is in the top 20 with a more significant waste per person contributions.

300 Million tons of plastic gets created yearly, and this weighs the same as the entire human population, and 50% is single-use only.

There are 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic waste estimated to be in our oceans. 269,000 tons float, 4 billion microfibers per km² dwell below the surface.

70% of our debris sinks into the ocean’s ecosystem, 15% floats, and 15% lands on our beaches.

In terms of plastic, 8.3 million tons are discarded in the sea yearly. Of which, 236,000 are ingestible microplastics that marine creatures mistake for food.

Plastics take 500–1000 years to degrade; currently 79% is sent to landfills or the ocean, while only 9% is recycled, and 12% gets incinerated.

1950–1998 over 100 nuclear blast tests occurred in our oceans.

500 marine locations are now recorded as dead zones globally, currently the size of the United Kingdom’s surface (245,000 km²) 80% of global marine pollution comes from agriculture runoff, untreated sewage, discharge of nutrients and pesticides.

90% of the worldwide ocean debris comes from 10 rivers alone.

(Source: https://www.condorferries.co.uk/marine-ocean-pollution-statistics-facts)

Human population : In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.8 billion people as of March 2020. It took over 200,000 years of human history for the world’s population to reach 1 billion, and only 200 years more to reach 7 billion

https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/world-population-by-year/
World population projected to reach 9.8 billion in 2050, and 11.2 billion in 2100 (https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/population-report.jpg)

Global Warming : The fact expanding regular air temperatures near the earth surface over the past 1–2 years, climate scientists have considering mid 20th century collected detailed observations of various weather phenomenon consequences on climate.

Scientists already have documented these impacts of climate change:

Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. This includes mountain glaciers, ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland, and Arctic sea ice. In Montana’s Glacier National Park the number of glaciers has declined to fewer than 30 from more than 150 in 1910.

Much of this melting ice contributes to sea-level rise. Global sea levels are rising 0.13 inches (3.2 millimeters) a year, and the rise is occurring at a faster rate in recent years.

Rising temperatures are affecting wildlife and their habitats. Vanishing ice has challenged species such as the Adélie penguin in Antarctica, where some populations on the western peninsula have collapsed by 90 percent or more.

As temperatures change, many species are on the move. Some butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants have migrated farther north or to higher, cooler areas.

Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe, on average. Yet some regions are experiencing more severe drought, increasing the risk of wildfires, lost crops, and drinking water shortages.

Some species — including mosquitoes, ticks, jellyfish, and crop pests — are thriving. Booming populations of bark beetles that feed on spruce and pine trees, for example, have devastated millions of forested acres in the U.S.

Other effects could take place later this century, if warming continues. These include:

Sea levels are expected to rise between 10 and 32 inches (26 and 82 centimeters) or higher by the end of the century.

Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger. Floods and droughts will become more common. Large parts of the U.S., for example, face a higher risk of decades-long “megadroughts” by 2100.

Less freshwater will be available, since glaciers store about three-quarters of the world’s freshwater.

Some diseases will spread, such as mosquito-borne malaria (and the 2016 resurgence of the Zika virus).

Ecosystems will continue to change: Some species will move farther north or become more successful; others, such as polar bears, won’t be able to adapt and could become extinct.

The world is of to a extreme outset with demanding to protect and save our environment from catastrophic disaster, but there is never something that you cant do. On the 21st of December every year it is world action day where everyone does something to make a good change, we also have environment day where people mainly plant trees and reduce, reuse, recycle. People also individually do there part to make a world a better place.

There are seven billion dreams in this world and only one planet make there dreams possible and help save the environment and water.

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